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Accueil Solidarity / Health International solidarity

International solidarity





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In a difficult economic and social climate, civic-mindedness is more necessary than ever before.

In the framework of the town’s sustainable development undertakings, the ninth objective of its “Agenda 21” places an emphasis on the promotion of ethics and solidarity with developing countries.

Limoges actively contributes to the international fight against poverty:

  • For more than 10 years this solidarity has been demonstrated with regard to the rural commune of Pabré in Burkina Faso, as part of a decentralised cooperation partnership.

A great many development projects are carried out in order to improve the living conditions of the population. The main areas of intervention are as follows:

  • water and sewerage,
  • education and schooling,
  • and more recently, support for the municipal departments.

The town is also regularly involved in supporting emergency humanitarian causes.
This was the case in January 2010 following the earthquake which devastated Haiti, when the city sent €10,000 of emergency aid to the town of Jacmel (courtesy of ACEM Haïti).   
Following the tsunami in December 2004, an exclusive aid grant was donated by the city of Limoges to help the affected populations in Sri Lanka.

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Situated in the heart of West Africa, Burkina Faso or "the land of upright men" is a Sahelian country surrounded by the countries of Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana and Ivory Coast.
Despite its limited natural resources and extreme poverty (Burkina is one of the 10 least developed countries in the world), it boasts a rich and diverse cultural heritage

 

 


The rural municipality of Pabré is home to approximately 30,000 inhabitants living in 21 villages. Situated 22 km north of Ouagadougou, Pabré is one of the six rural municipalities in the Centre region, in the province of Kadiogo.

Created in 2007, Pabré is a fairly new municipality set up following a process of decentralisation in Burkina. The mayor of the commune, Anatole Doamba, is currently in his second term of office.


History:

Since the first bonds of friendship and exchange were formed in the 1980s, the partnership has gradually been structured with the aim of contributing to the concerted, sustainable local development of Pabré.

A first sustainable development aid agreement was signed on 13 February 1999 between the two communes, leading to the completion of projects in various fields (access to water, schooling and agricultural development, mainly).

Decentralised cooperation is a dynamic, ever-changing action. Our cooperation has gradually adapted to the new institutional arrangements that Burkina Faso is experiencing today. For example, following the decentralisation process, the newly-created communes have had to take on new competences transferred from the State (health, primary education, drinking water supply, etc).

In order to help Pabré manage these new competences, a new partnership agreement was signed in April 2009.

The aim is now to support our young partner commune in its efforts to strengthen its capacities and to set up the basic services. Limoges can offer all its experience in this field and rely on the skills of its municipal administration department.

 



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Access to water and sewerage networks:


A major strategic focus in the fight against poverty, access to water is the first step towards sustainable development. In rural Burkina Faso, the drinking water access rate is 56%, while the sewerage access rate is 10%. [2008 data]

Access to water is therefore the main problem identified by the inhabitants of Pabré. It constitutes the City of Limoges’ main field of intervention:

Access to drinking water:

For 10 years, Limoges city council has funded the creation, restoration and maintenance of well drilling sites in the municipality and close to schools, whilst facilitating the setting up of village management committees. Hygiene training was also delivered in schools.
Thanks to the support of diverse foreign partners, the Pabré now benefits from a comprehensive drinking water conveyance network (wells, public drinking fountains, water towers) which meet national standards: one well for 300 inhabitants, situated less than 500 metres away and accessible within less than 30 minutes.   
However, the main challenge which remains is that of decentralisation and local management of water access services. Organisations involved in local management, namely the municipalities themselves, lack the human, technical and financial resources to take charge of their new responsibilities and ensure the sustainability of investments.  
For this reason, the water management department of Limoges city council is supporting Pabré town hall in the implementation of a public water management department to facilitate the management and maintenance of all water-based projects in the local area: recruitment of a technician, financing part of his wage, training of local organisations, support for the setting up of water user organisations, educating villagers on water payment, etc...    
As part of this operation, the city of Limoges was pleased to welcome Cyrille Ilboudo, manager of Pabré water management department, who spent 15 days at the water management department in Limoges.



Management of water resources for agriculture: Zibako Dam project (2005-2008)

Drought is one of the major problems in Burkina Faso. Water cannot be conserved after the rainy season (June to August), which poses problems for the development of agriculture.

At the request of market gardeners and livestock breeders in the commune of Pabré, the City of Limoges has jointly financed the renovation of a 405,000 m³ reservoir in the village of Zibako. This dam allows for the conservation of water collected during the rainy season, thus making commercial vegetable production possible throughout the whole year. Improvements carried out downstream of the dam have allowed for the creation and irrigation of plots of arable land on the one hand and access points to water for livestock on the other.

Small farmers and livestock breeders have benefitted from training in vegetable growing and livestock rearing, delivered by a local organisation. Now they are aware of agri-ecological practices, the villagers can ensure the long-term future of the site while protecting the environment.

All in all, around a hundred farmers and livestock breeders from the village of Zibako have benefitted directly from this development and the project has also indirectly affected another 7,000 people in a dozen neighbouring villages.

For this project, the City of Limoges has obtained joint financing from the MAEE and the European Union (in the framework of the “ACP-EU Water Facility” call for proposals). The total budget amounts to approximately €400,000.
Distinction: “Twinning for Development” competition

Thanks to the Zibako dam renovation project, carried out over 3 years from 2005 to 2008 and jointly financed by the European Commission, the commune of Pabré and the City of Limoges were awarded the first prize in the “Twinning for Development” competition organised by the European Commission. This project has been presented as a benchmark in the field of development assistance.




Education and schooling


The literacy rate in Pabré stands at just 17%. Support for schooling is therefore an indispensable resource in contributing to the development of the municipality.

In order to improve access to schooling, the City of Limoges has contributed to the financing of educational infrastructures in villages in the commune of Pabré:

Construction and standardisation of elementary schools, and supply of school equipment and furniture
Establishment of school canteens
Construction of housing for teachers and latrines
Extension of the Pabré secondary school

The city of Limoges no longer provides funding for the construction of new buildings, but facilitates the municipality in taking responsibility for the management and maintenance of its heritage. Intervention to support the setting up of a department for infrastructure and heritage in Pabré has been developed, mobilising action from officers within the Architecture and Construction department of Limoges city council.



Institutional support:


In order to help the commune of Pabré exercise its new functions, the City of Limoges is providing different types of support:

Training of elected officials and administrative officers
Help with the recruitment of municipal employees
Exchanges and sharing of experience between the officers and elected officials of Pabré and Limoges.

The support is manifested in programmes which are implemented on a three-yearly basis. 





Three-year programme 2010-2012: strengthening project management capacities in the municipality of Pabré
In 2010, the City of Limoges obtained co-funding from the Minister of Foreign Affairs for a three-year programme aimed to strengthen project management capacities in the municipality of Pabré.
With support from various departments of the Limoges council, this programme covers the key areas of Limoges’ intervention in Pabré. There are three primary strategic targets:
• Teaching elected representatives and council officials about decentralisation and how local government functions.
• Establishing a public water body to improve management of the water infrastructure in the municipality, and increase access to drinking water for the villagers.
• Informing and increasing awareness amongst local populations on taxpayer compliance, specifically payment for water, through forum theatre.





Over three years, the overall cost of the project amounts to € 184,000. It is funded by the City of Limoges and Annex water budget (Oudin), through the participation of the Municipality of Pabré, and by co-financing the ministry up to € 46,000 (25% of total budget).
The entire programme was externally audited, with the results highlighting the positive impact of the action taken towards local development in Pabré, and the relevance of the intervention strategy. The analysis also invites the two partner communes to engage in continued efforts to consolidate achievements and overcome areas of deficiency.

Three-year programme 2013-2015: institutional support for local development

Continuing the good work initiated by the previous joint development strategy, the cities of Pabre and Limoges have decided to extend their partnership in order to support the continued development of the Burkinese town. The City of Limoges has thus successfully obtained a three-year funding commitment from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, allowing for the definition of a new three-year strategy. The key objectives of this strategy will be:

•    Achieving more accurate statistics on the local population (a census) in order to better target development initiatives on the ground;

•    Boost the skills of local elected officials and municipal employees via training programmes and the exchange of best practices between a number of French and Burkinese municipalities;

•    Supporting the restructuring of public services in Pabre: providing better training and facilities for local officials, water board employees, civil servants and technicians, with advice and training from the corresponding departments in Limoges.

Autonomy remains the guiding principle of this partnership: Pabre retains ultimate control over all development initiatives launched in the region, with the City of Limoges providing support and advice.

The total budget of the programme for the next three years (2013-2015) will be in the region of €230,000, provided by the City of Limoges and its subsidiary water budget (Oudin Law), by the Municipality of Pabre and by the French Ministry for Foreign Affairs (a contribution of €73,000, 32% of the total budget).




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Soutien de la Ville de Limoges à Haïti

Face à la catastrophe sans précédent qui a touché Haïti le 12 janvier 2010, et dans un souci de solidarité, la Ville de Limoges (qui prévoit au niveau de son budget un fonds d’urgence pour porter secours à des sinistrés), a décidé d’apporter une contribution financière d’un montant de 10 000 € à l’association « ACEM Haïti 87 » (Association Contre l’Enfance Maltraitée) pour venir en aide aux populations sinistrées de ce pays.

L’association « ACEM Haïti 87 » intervient depuis douze ans principalement dans le domaine de l’enfance sur la localité de Jacmel située au sud du pays.
Récemment elle s’est d’ailleurs engagée dans la construction d’une école dont le bâtiment fort heureusement est resté intact suite au séisme et sert actuellement de lieu d’accueil aux sinistrés.

Le soutien financier apporté par la Ville de Limoges a ainsi permis à l’association de venir en aide aux victimes pour la reconstruction des maisons en structures légères et pour l’achèvement des travaux de l’école qui permet aujourd’hui l’accueil scolaire de plus de 200 enfants.

http://acemhaiti87.canalblog.com




La Ville de Limoges vient en aide aux enfants handicapés du Sri-Lanka

La communauté sri-lankaise de Limoges, ainsi qu’une grande partie de la population Limougeaude, avaient spontanément souhaité venir en aide aux familles touchées par le tsunami du 26 décembre 2004, qui avait fait 30.000 morts au Sri-Lanka.…

Relayant cet élan de générosité, la Ville de Limoges avait décidé de débloquer une aide financière de 40.000 euros pour les populations sinistrées de ce pays. Cette aide financière a permis d'aider l'école Rohana, (dans la commune de Matara) qui s'occupe de l’éducation d’enfants et adolescents handicapés ou sourd-muets.

Une convention a été signée avec l’association « Rohana Welfare Association of Matara », qui gère l’école, afin de mettre en place plusieurs ateliers d’insertion : menuiserie, couture, fabrication de jouets en bois mais aussi initiation à l’informatique… L’aide de la Ville a permis de financer le fonctionnement de ces ateliers, de rémunérer les enseignants et de contribuer à l’entretien de l’établissement.

Un premier versement de 10.000 euros, nécessaire à la mise en place des ateliers, a ainsi été alloué. Après l’achèvement des travaux nécessaires fin 2007, les ateliers ont démarré, pour offrir à ces enfants de meilleures chances de trouver une place dans la société et de vivre dignement.

Aujourd’hui, les ateliers techniques sont en place, et les élèves acquièrent une formation adaptée pour leur professionnalisation. L’association « Rohana Welfare Association of Matara » n’a pas sollicité le solde de la subvention, la pérennité du centre étant assurée en auto fonctionnement.

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La solidarité internationale s’exprime aussi au Nord.
Chaque année, la Ville de Limoges s’associe à l’organisation de la Semaine de la Solidarité Internationale.

Qu’est ce que la Semaine de la Solidarité Internationale ?

Depuis 1998, chaque année, la 3ème  semaine de novembre est consacrée à la Solidarité Internationale.

La Semaine est un grand rendez-vous national de sensibilisation à la solidarité internationale et au Développement Durable. Des manifestations alliant réflexion, créativité et convivialité sont organisées partout en France. Elles permettent de dépasser nos idées reçues, d’échanger et de s’interroger sur ce que nous pouvons faire pour rendre ce monde plus solidaire, que ce soit à travers nos actes quotidiens les plus simples comme les plus engagés.

Qui participe ?

Tous les acteurs sont concernés : des associations aux collectivités territoriales, en passant par les organisations non gouvernementales (ONG), les écoles et universités, les acteurs de l’éducation populaire, culturels, les MJC, les syndicats, les comités d’entreprise…

Et à Limoges ?

Chaque année à Limoges et en Haute-Vienne, pendant une semaine, de nombreuses activités sont organisées pour sensibiliser le plus grand nombre aux questions de solidarité internationale.
La Maison des Droits de l’Homme coordonne l’ensemble de ces actions avec le soutien des collectivités territoriales et notamment de la Ville de Limoges.

Durant trois jours, un grand chapiteau est installé au cœur de la ville, place de la Motte :  lieu de débats, rencontres et informations autour du thème de la solidarité internationale, de nombreuses animations sont proposées à tout public :
Vente d’artisanat, expositions, ateliers pratiques, petit déjeuner solidaire, spectacles, conférences-débats, repas solidaires….

Dans le cadre de son partenariat de coopération décentralisée, et pour faire découvrir aux limougeauds la richesse et la diversité du l’art burkinabè, la Ville de Limoges a invité Yacouba Touré, sculpteur bronzier, lors de l’édition 2010. En 2012, c’est Maïga Bonkana, artiste teinturier, qui était présent pour faire découvrir l’art de la fabrication des bogolans, un pagne en coton tissé à la main, et teint à l’aide de matières naturelles.

Des ateliers découvertes étaient organisés dans les écoles de la Ville, et au centre de Loisir du Mas Eloi.  Ce dernier s’implique chaque année à la semaine de la solidarité internationale.




A l’occasion d’une mission de terrain en janvier 2010, nous sommes retournés voir ces deux artistes. Après leur venue à Limoges, que sont-ils devenus ?




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